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Salvia blanca

Clasificación científica
Reino: Plantae
División: Magnoliophyta
Clase: Magnoliopsida
Orden: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Género: Salvia
Especie: S. apiana
Nombre binomial
Salvia apiana Jepson,


La Salvia blanca (Salvia apiana), también conocida como Sacred sage, es una arbusto siempreverde peremne del género Salvia. Es nativa de sudoeste de los Estados Unidos y de méxico, su habitat es costero, en Sudeste de California y Baja California, sobre el desierto de Mojave y de Sonora.

Morphology[]

White sage is a sub-shrub that is less than 1 m tall. The leaves are widely lanceolate and tapered at the base. The margin is minutely toothed and rounded. The leaves are generally basal, covered with dense hairs, which gives it a white coloring, and are about 4–8 cm long. The inflorescence is a spike-like clusters with few flowers. The flowers are bilateral, about 12–22 mm in length, and are white with lavender spots and streaks. Both the stamens and styles are exserted. The fruit form into shiny, light brown nutlets that are 2.5–3 mm in size.

Ecology and Reproduction[]

White sage is a common plant that requires well drained dry soil, full sun, and little water. They occur on dry slopes in coastal-sage scrub, chaparral, and yellow-pine forests of Southern California to Baja California at less than 1500 m elevation.

Bumblebees, hawk moths and wasps pollinate the White sage, and hummingbirds also appear to like the plant.

The white sage typically flowers between May and August.

Ethnobotany[]

Native Americans had several uses for this plant: seeds were ground into a flour and used for mush; leaves were used for flavoring in cooking; leaves were also eaten, smoked or used in a sweathouse as a remedy for colds; seeds were dropped into the eye and permitted to roll around under the eyelids in order to cleanse the eyes; and leaves were crushed and mixed with water to create a hair shampoo, dye and straightener.

White sage is also used medicinally. It can be made into a tea, which decreases sweating, salivation, and mucous secretions in the sinuses, throat, and lungs. Cold tea can be a good stomach tonic, while a lukewarm tea is good for treating sore throats. The leaves can also be used as a uterine hemostatic tea for heavy menstruation; however, since it can also decrease lactation, nursing mothers are advised not to use it.

White sage is considered sacred by many Native Americans since it is used to make smudge wands, a type of incense. White sage is believed to cleanse a space of any evil spirits that may be present. This power is said to be released from the plant by the burning of the leaves, which are typically bundled into a wand or stick. Today many Native American tribes still use the stems and leaves for smudging as part of purification ceremonies.

See also[]

  • Medicinal plants of the American West

References[]

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