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Megachile (Callomegachile)

Clasificación científica
Reino: Animalia
Filo: Arthropoda
Clase: Insecta
Orden: Hymenoptera
Suborden: Apocrita
Superfamilia: Apoidea
Familia: Megachilidae
Subfamilia: Megachilinae
Género: Megachile
Subgénero: M. (Callomegachile)
Especies

Especies sudamericanas

  • M. (Callomegachile) disjuncta (Fabricius)
  • M. (Callomegachile) rufipennis (Fabricius)
  • M. (Callomegachile) solitaria Smith
  • M. (Callomegachile) torrida Smith

Subgenus Callomegachile Michener[]

Chalicodoma (Callomegachile) Michener 1962: 21-22. Type species: Chalicodoma mystaceana Michener 1962: 22-24. Original designation. Michener 1965: 188-190. Mitchell 1980: 30.

Chalicodoma (Carinella) Pasteels 1965: 447-449. Type species: Megachile torrida Smith 1853: 156. Original designation. Synonymy of Michener 2000: 550.

Megachile (Callomegachile) Michener et al 1994: 149, Michener 2000: 550.

Megachile (Carinula) (new name and new combination) Michener et al 1994: 149. Synonymy of Michener 2000: 550.

Callomegachile at present comprises >70 species. Half occur in the East Indies, 24 are in Africa and there is one each in Australia and southern Europe. Four species have been introduced into the New World.

  • 1. Megachile (Callomegachile) disjuncta (Fabricius)

Apis disjuncta Fabricius 1781: 481. Type locality: Am. Mer. Ins. [West Indies]. Type repository: Unknown.

Anthophora disjuncta Fabricius: 1804: 374.

Trachusa disjuncta: Jurine 1807: 251.

Megachile disjuncta: Lepeletier 1841: 331.

Megachile (Pseudomegachile) disjuncta: Friese 1911: 207.

Chalicodoma (Callomegachile) disjuncta: Pasteels 1965: 467-468 (D, R-FM). Michener 1965: 191.

Megachile (Pseudomegachile) disjuncta: Raw 2002 # 7: 6.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Pagden 1934: 488-489 (D, N, P); Cockerell 1937b: 164 (D).

DISTRIBUTION. Old World: INDIA. JAPAN. MADAGASCAR. MALAYSIA. REUNION. SEYCHELLES. New World: WEST INDIES. It is an Asian species, introduced to African and West Indian islands.

FLOWERS. In Asia:- Crotalaria, Tephrosia.

NESTING. Nests in existing cavities around buildings. Cells constructed of leaf pieces including Cassia alata, Crotalaria saltiana.

PREDATORS. Melittobia hawaiiensis.

  • 2. Megachile (Callomegachile) rufipennis (Fabricius)

Apis rufipennis Fabricius 1793: 335. Female. Type locality: [St. Croix, West Indies]. Type repository: Kiel.

Anthophora rufipennis: Fabricius 1804: 373.

Trachusa rufipennis: Jurine 1807: 251.

Megachile rufipennis: Latreille 1809: 166.

Megachile atriceps Cresson 1865: 176. Female. Type locality: Cuba. Type repository: ANSP 2455. Synonymy of Moure 1960: 109 (D).

Megachile nigriceps Friese 1903: 277. Type locality: Unknown. Type repository: MNHN. Synonymy of Pasteels 1965: 476.

Megachile atriceps rukuruensis : Cockerell 1937b: 146. Male. Type locality: Valley of N. Rukuru, Karonga District, Nyasaland, 2000-4000 ft, 15-18 July 1910 (S. A. Neave). Synonymy of Pasteels 1965: 476.

Megachile (Archimegachile) atriceps: Mitchell 1943b: 671.

Chalicodoma (Callomegachile) rufipennis: Pasteels 1965: 476-478.

Megachile (Callomegachile) rufipennis: Raw 2002 # 7: 6.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Cockerell 1905: 339 & 341 (K); 1935: 2 (D); Cresson 1916: 131 (T as M. atriceps); Alayo 1976: 23 (D); Jayasingh & Freeman 1980: 215-216 (N, P); Smith 1853: 188 (T).

DISTRIBUTION. Old World: EAST AFRICA. ZAIRE: Katanga; Kivu; Kisangani. New World: CUBA: (rare) Habana, Pinar del Rio. GUADELOUPE. HAITI: Port-au-Prince. JAMAICA: AN; CA (locally common (Raw). MONTSERRAT. U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix.

NESTING. Nests in beetle burrows in wood and trapnests of bored wood. Said to excavate own nest in rotten wood.

PREDATORS. Suidasia and moulds. Mortality during the young stages in trapnests in Jamaica was 58%.

  • 3. Megachile (Callomegachile) solitaria Smith

Megachile solitaria Smith 1879: 80. Female. Type locality: St. Domingo [West Indies]. Type repository: NHML 17a2425.

Megachile (Archimegachile) solitaria : Mitchell 1943b: 671.

Pasteels 1965: 454-455 suggests this is synonym of M. (Carinella) torrida Smith, but (D.B. Baker pers. comm.) considers it to be a good species.

Megachile (Callomegachile) solitaria : Raw 2002 # 7: 6.

ADDITIONAL REFERENCES. Cockerell 1905: 338 (R-F), 341 (K); 1935: 14 (D).

DISTRIBUTION. Old World: GHANA. LIBERIA. UGANDA. ZAIRE. New World: SANTO DOMINGO.

  • 4. Megachile (Callomegachile) torrida Smith

Megachile torridus Smith 1853: 156. Type locality: The Gambia (Rendall).

Megachile (Megachile) torrida: Friese 1909b: 355 (D).

Megachile torrida: Cockerell 1937b: 243 (D).

Chalicodoma (Carinella) torrid: Pasteels 1965: 454-455.

Megachile (Callomegachile) torrida: Raw 2002 # 7: 7.

DISTRIBUTION. Old World: GAMBIA. GHANA. KENYA. LIBERIA. MALAWI. MOZAMBIQUE. NIGERIA. TOGO. UGANDA. SENEGAL. ZAIRE. ZAMBIA. ZIMBABWE. New World: SANTO DOMINGO.

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