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Thrybom, B. & I. Fries, 1991. Development of infestations by Varroa jacobsoni in hybrid colonies of Apis mellifera monticola and Apis mellifera ligustica. Journal of Apicultural Research [1992] 30(4): 151-155

Thurston, H. D. 1969. Tropical agriculture-a key to the world food crisis. Bioscience 19: 29-34.

Tibor, I. Szabo, T. I. & D. C. Szabo, 2001. Varroa jacobsoni infestation levels of honey bee colonies in the fourth year of a breeding program: report for 2000. American Bee Journal June, 2001: 437-440.

Tichy, J. & J. Novak, 2000. Detection of antimicrobials in bee products with activity against viridans streptococci. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 6(5): 383-389.

Tierney, S. M., M. P. Schwarz, T. Neville & P. M. Schwarz, 2002, Sociality in the phylogenetically basal allodapine bee genus Macrogalea (Apidae: Xylocopinae): implications for social evolution in the tribe Allodapini. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 76(2): 211-224.

Tilde, A. C., S. Fuchs, N. Koeniger & C. R. Cervancia, 2000. Morphometric diversity of Apis cerana Fabr. within the Philippines. Apidologie 31(2): 249-264.

Tilde, A. C., P. C. Payawal & C. R. Cervancia, 2003. Pollen spectra among natural populations of Apis cerana Fabricius in the Philippines. Philippine Agricultural Scientist (Philippines) 86(1): 27-37.

Tilley, C. A. & B. P. Oldroyd, 1997. Unequal subfamily proportions among honey bee queen and worker brood. Animal Behaviour 54(6): 1483-1490.

Tillyard, R. J. 1924a. Some remarks on the eolution of bees. 2. Fruit grower and apiarist, Auckland, 2 pages.

Tillyard, R. J. 1924b. Kansas Permian Insects. Part 3. The new order Protohymenoptera. American Journal of Science 5th Ser. 8, 44: 111-122.

Tillyard, R. J. 1926. Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Angus and Robertson, Sydney. 560 pages.

Tilmon, K. J., B. N. Danforth, W. H. Day & M. P. Hoffmann, 2000. Determining parasitoid species composition in a host population: a molecular approach. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93(3): 640-647.

Timberlake, P. H. 1921. Notes on the Hawaiian bees of the genus Megachile. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 4: 551-562.

Timberlake, P. H. 1937. New anthophorid bees from California (Hymenoptera). American Museum Novitates 958: 1-17.

Timberlake, P. H. 1939a. New species of bees of the genus Dufourea from California (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 32: 395-414.

Timberlake, P. H. 1939b. New species of bees of the genus Diadasia from California (Hym., Apoidea). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 34: 11-16.

Timberlake, P. H. 1941a. Ten new species of Stelis from California. Journal of the New York entomological Society 49: 123-137.

Timberlake, P. H. 1941b. Synoptic table of North American species of Diadasia. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 36: 1-11.

Timberlake, P. H. 1943a. Bees of the genus Colletes chiefly from Colorado. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 81: 3850410.

Timberlake, P. H. 1943b. Racial differentiation in nearctic species of Dianthidium. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 51: 71-109.

Timberlake, P. H. 1947a. A revision of the species of Exomalopsis inhabiting the United States. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 55: 85-106.

Timberlake, P. H. 1947b. New species of Perdita from the southern states (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 49: 81-84.

Timberlake, P. H. 1952a. Descriptions of new species of Nomadopsis from California and Texas, and of a new allied genus from South America. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 45: 104-118.

Timberlake, P. H. 1952b. A new name for the bee genus Ruiziella. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 45: 528.

Timberlake, P. H. 1952c. New records of Perdita from the eastern United States (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 54: 199-204.

Timberlake, P. H. 1953a. Erratum. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 46: 598.

Timberlake, P. H. 1953b. Bees of the genus Perdita in the collection of the University of Kansas. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 35: 961-985.

Timberlake, P. H. 1954. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part I. University of California Publications in Entomology no. 9: 345-432.

Timberlake, P. H. 1955a. A new genus for two new species of dufoureine bees from California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 31: 105-108.

Timberlake, P. H. 1955b. Notes on the species of Psaenythia of North America. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria “Filippo Silvestri”[Portici] 33: 398-409.

Timberlake, P. H. 1956. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part II. University of California Publications in Entomology no.11: 247-350.

Timberlake, P. H. 1958. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part III. University of California Publications in Entomology no.14: 303-410.

Timberlake, P. H. 1960a. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part IV. University of California Publications in Entomology no.17: 1-156.

Timberlake, P. H. 1960b. A peculiar new Halicitine bee from California (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 62: 105-106.

Timberlake, P. H. 1961. A review of the genus Conanthalictus. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 37: 145-160.

Timberlake, P. H. 1962. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part V. University of California Publications in Entomology no.28: 1-124.

Timberlake, P. H. 1964a. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part VI. University of California Publications in Entomology no.28: 125-388.

Timberlake, P. H. 1964b. Some new species of Pseudopanurgus of the subgenus Heterosarus Robertson. American Museum Novitates 2298: 1-23.

Timberlake, P. H. 1967. New species of Pseudopanurgus from Arizona. Amrican Museum Novitates no. 2298: 1-23.

Timberlake, P. H. 1968. A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific coast, Part VII (including index to parts I to VII). University of California Publications in Entomology no.49: 1-196.

Timberlake, P. H. 1969a. Metapsaenythia, a new panurgine bee genus. Entomological News 80: 89-92.

Timberlake, P. H. 1969b. A contribution to the systematics of North American species of Synhalonia. University of California Publications in Entomology no.57: i-vi +1-76.

Timberlake, P. H. 1971. Supplementary studies on the systematics of the genus Perdita. University of California Publications in Entomology no.66: 1-63.

Timberlake, P. H. 1973. Revision of the genus Pseudopanurgus of North America. University of California Publications in Entomology no. 72: 1-58.

Timberlake, P. H. 1975. The North American species of Heterosarus Robertson. University of California Publications in Entomology no. 77: 1-56, pls. 1-8.

Timberlake, P. H. 1976. Revision of the North American bees of the genus Protandrena Cockerell. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 102: 133-227.

Timberlake, P. H. 1977. Two new species of Perdita from Arizona and Utah (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Journal of New York Entomological Society 85(1): 18-20.

Timberlake, P. H. 1980a. Review of North American Exomalopsis, Part I-IV. University of California Publications in Entomology no.86: i-vi + 1-158.

Timberlake, P. H. 1980b. Supplementary studies on the systematics of the genus Perdita, Part II. University of California Publications in Entomology 85: i-vii + 1-65.

Timberlake, P. H. & C. D. Michener, 1950. The bees of the genus Proteriades. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 33: 387-440.

Timbers, G. E., G. D. Robertson & T. A. Gochnauer, 1977. Thermal properties of beewax and beewax-paraffin mixtures. Journal of Apicultural Research 16(1): 49-55.

Tingek, S. & N. Koeniger, 2002. Exploring the centre of honeybee diversity. Honeybee Science 23(4): 145-152.

Tingek, S., G. Koeniger & N. Koeniger, 1996. Description of a new cavity nesting species of Apis (Apis nuluensis n.sp.) from Sabah, Borneo, with notes on its occurrence and reproductive biology. Senkenbergiana Biologica 76: 115-119.

Tingek, S., M. Mardan, T. E. Rinderer, N. Koeniger & G. Koeniger, 1988. Rediscovery of Apis vechti (Maa, 1953): The Saban honey bee. Apidologie 19: 97-102.

Tingry, A. & P. Briand, 2001. Entomological pollination of strawberry flowers. Fruit Belge 69(489): 22-27.

Tirgari, J. S. 1963. The biology and management of the alfalfa leafcutter bee Megachile rotundata. M. S. Thesis. Utah State University, Logan. 130 pages.

Tirgari, S. 1965. Observations sur un site de nidification de Melitturga clavicornis Latr. (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Ann. Abeille 8(2): 109-111.

Tirgari, S. 1968. Le choix du site de nidification par Melitta leporina (Panz.) (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) et Melitturga clavicornis (Latr.) (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Ann. Abeille 11(2): 79-103.

Tirgari, S. 1969. Exchange and introduction of alfalfa-bee pollinators between Iran and the United States: and the biology of these bees. In: National congress on Entomology and Pest control of Man, Pp. 1-11.

Tirgari, S. 1972. Preliminary attempt and prospects for the establishment of nesting site of Melitta leporina (Panz.) and other group-nesting solitary wild-bees. In: Proc. XIIIth Intern. Congr. Entomol., Moscow 1968. Leningrad, 1972, 3: 325-326.

Tischler, W. 1973. Ecology of arthropod fauna in manmade habitats: The problem of synanthropy. Zool. Anz. 191(3/4): 157-161.

Titus, E. S. G. 1900. Notes on Colorado bees. Canadian Entomologist 32: 303-305.

Titus, E. S. G. 1901a. A new genus in the Coelixinae. Canadian Entomologist 33: 256.

Titus, E. S. G. 1901b. On some bees of the genus Augochlorola. Candian Entomologist 33: 133-137.

Titus, E. S. G. 1901c. Notes on the genus Osmia. Canadian Entomologist 33: 257-258.

Titus, E. S. G. 1902. Colorado Bombidae. Canadian Entomologist 34: 37-44.

Titus, E. S. G. 1903. Preoccupied names. Canadian Entomologist 35: 213.

Titus, E. S. G. 1904a. Notes on Osmiinae with descriptions of new genera and species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 12: 22-27.

Titus, E. S. G. 1904b. Some new Osmiinae in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 6: 98-102.

Titus, E. S. G. 1906. Some notes on the Provancher Megachilidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 7: 149-167.

Tkalců, B. 1959. Eine neue Art der Gattung Psithyrus Lep. aus Korea (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 56: 251-254.

Tkalců, B. 1960. Remerques sur quelques espèces de bourdons de Chine (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1960: 66-71.

Tkalců, B. 1961a. Zwei chinesische Hummel-Arten (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 58: 45-59.

Tkalců, B. 1961b. Zur Hummelfauna der Umgebung Kuku-Nors (Hymenoptera, Bombinae). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 58: 344-379.

Tkalců, B. 1962. Contribution à l’étude des bourdons du Japon (I) (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1962: 81-100.

Tkalců, B. 1963. Eine neue Hummel-Art der Gattung Agrobombus Vogt aus dem Alpengebiet (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Casopis Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Entomologické 60: 183-196.

Tkalců, B. 1965. Contribution à l’étude des bourdons du Japon (II) (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1965: 1-14.

Tkalců, B. 1966a. Metallinella gen.n. der Familie Megachilidae. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 63: 200-202.

Tkalců, B. 1966b. Megabombus (Fervidobombus) abditus sp. n. aus äquatorial-Afrika. Časopis Moravského Musea v Brně 51: 271-274.

Tkalců, B. 1966c. Revision of some Latreille’s European species of the tribe Anthidiini with the description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 63: 62-66.

Tkalců, B. 1967. Bemerkungen zur Taxonomie einiger Paläarktischer Arten der Familie Megachilidae. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 64: 91-104.

Tkalců, B. 1968a. Neue Arten der Unterfamilie Bombinae der paläarktischen Region (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Sborník Entomologického Oddeleni Národního Musea v Praze 65: 21-51.

Tkalců, B. 1968b. Revision der vier sympatrischen, homochrome geographische Rassen bildenden Hummelarten SO-Asiens (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava 52: 1-31.

Tkalců, B. 1968c. Revision der Arten der Untergattung Tricornibombus Skorikov. Zborník Slovenského Národného Muzea, Prírodné Vedy [Acta Rerum Naturalium Musei Nationalis Slovaci, Bratislava] 14: 79-94.

Tkalců, B. 1969a. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans-Chalicodoma Lep., Megachilidae, Apoidea. Časopis Moravského Musea v Brně 54: 347-384, [6 unnumbered plates].

Tkalců, B. 1969b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans. (Osmiini, Megachilidae, Apoidea, Hym.). Acta Musei Morav. Bruno 54(Suppl.): 327-346.

Tkalců, B. 1969c. Sur la position systématique du sous-genre Metamegachile. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse July-August 1969: 65-67.

Tkalců, B. 1969d. Ergebnisse der Albanien-Expedition 1961 des Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes. 78. Beiträg. Hymenoptera: Apidae IV (Bombinae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 19: 887-916.

Tkalců, B. 1970a. Stelis moravica sp.n. aus der Tscheckoslovakei, samt Bemerkungen zu den verwandten Arten (Megachilidae, Apoidea, Hym.) Časopis Moravského Musea v Brně 55: 195-208.

Tkalců, B. 1970b. Typenrevision der von J.C. Fabricius beschriebenen paläarktischen Arten der Tribus Osmiini (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae Bratislava 62: 1-15.

Tkalců, B. 1971a. Xenochalicodoma, nomen novum. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1971: 34.

Tkalců, B. 1971b. Zur identiät zweier Osmia-Arten (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 68: 220-230.

Tkalců, B. 1972, 1974a. Arguments contre l'interprétation traditionelle de la phylogénie des abeilles (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Première partie, introduction et exposés fondamentaux. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse April-June 1972: 17-28; April-June 1974: 17-40.

Tkalců, B. 1973. Taxonomie von Pyrobombus brodmannicus (Vogt) (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 70: 259-268.

Tkalců, B. 1974a. Revision und Klassifikation der bisher zur Untergattung Hoplosmia Thomson gestellten Anthocopa-Arten. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 71: 114-135.

Tkalců, B. 1974b. Ergebnisse der Albanien-Expedition 1961 des “Deutschen Entomologischen Institutes,” Hymenoptera: Apoidea V (Megachilidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, Berlin 24: 323-348.

Tkalců, B. 1974c. Ergebnisse der 1. und 2. mongolisch-tschechoslowakischen entomologisch-botanischen Expedition in der Mongolei Nr. 28: Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Melitturga Latr. Acta Faun. Entomol. Mus. Nat. Pragae 15(172): 21-24.

Tkalců, B. 1974d. Ergebnisse der 1. und 2. mongolisch-tschechoslowakischen entomologisch-botanischen Expedition in der Mongolei. Nr. 29: Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae. Sborník Faunistickych prací Entomologického Oddelení Národního Musea v Praze 15(173): 25-57.

Tkalců, B. 1974e. Eine Hummel-Ausbeute aus dem Nepal-Himalaya (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 55: 311- 349.

Tkalců, B. 1975a. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Hummelfauna der französischen Basses-Alpes (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Bombinae). Sborník Slovenského Narodného Muzea 20(1974): 167-186.

Tkalců, B. 1975b. Die Osmia-Arten der Untergattung Hemiosmia subgen.n. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 72: 34-49.

Tkalců, B. 1975c. Sammerlergebnisse der von RN Dr. A. Hoffer geleiteten Algerien-Expeditionen in den Jahren 1971 und 1972 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). 1. Teil: Megachilidae. Sborník Slovenskeho Národního Muzea, Prirodne Vedy [Acta Rerum Naturalium Musei Nationalis Sovaci Bratislava] 21: 165-190.

Tkalců, B. 1975d. Revision der europäischen Osmia (Chalcosmia)-Arten der fulviventris-gruppe. Vestník Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Zoologické 39: 297-317.

Tkalců, B. 1975e. Hoplitis (Tridentosmia) tridentata asensoi subsp. Nov. de Espana. Archos Inst. Aclim, Almeria 20: 17-18.

Tkalců, B. 1977a. Taxonomisches Notizen zu einigen paläarktischen Bienenarten (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Vestník Ceskoslovenské Spolecnosti Zoologické 41: 223-239.

Tkalců, B. 1977b. Die Osmia-Arten der Untergattung Neosmia Tkalců. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 74: 85-102.

Tkalců, B. 1978a. Fünf neue paläarktische Arten der familie Megachilidae. Časopis Moravského Musea Opava 27: 153-169.

Tkalců, B. 1978b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna Afghanistans: Melitturga Latr., Eucera Scop., Apidae; Lithurge Latr., Stelis Pz., Creightonella Cockll., Megachilidae. Časopis Moravského Musea 63: 153-181.

Tkalců, B. 1979a. Neue paläarktische taxa der Familie Megachilidae. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 76(5): 318-329.

Tkalců, B. 1979b. Revision der europäischen Vertreter der Artengruppe von Tetralonia ruficornis (Fabricius). Časopis Moravského Musea 64: 127-152, 2 pls.

Tkalců, B. 1980a. Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Wainia gen.n. aus Vorderindian. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava, no. 135: 1-20.

Tkalců, B. 1980b. Quatre sous-espéces nouvelles de Megachilidae de Turquie orientale (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1980: 38-40.

Tkalcu, B. 1980c. Melitturga clavicornis and Melitturga taurico revocata, new record (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov 77(4): 236-241.

Tkalců, B. 1983. Die europäischen Osmia-Arten der Untergattung Melanosmia. Vestník Československé Spolecnosti Zoologické 47(2): 140-159.

Tkalců, B. 1984a. Neue paläarktische Arten der Gattungen Pseudoheriades und Archeriades mit Beschreibung von Hofferia gen.n. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava, no. 158: 1-22.

Tkalců, B. 1984b. Systematisches Verzeichnis der west paläarktische Tetralonia- und Eucera- Arten, deren Männchen als Blütenbesucher verschiedener Ophrys-Arten festgestellt wurden; mit Beschreibung neuer Taxa. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis (Ser. V:C) 3: 57-77.

Tkalců, B. 1984c. Revision der gattung Cubitalia Friese, 1911. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, Bratislava, no. 161: 1-15.

Tkalců, B. 1986. The identity of Osmia mea Strand (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Beitr. Entomol.36(2): 231-232. [In German.].

Tkalců, B. 1987. Nouveaux synonymes chez les Bombinae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse 1987: 59-64.

Tkalců, B. 1988. Neue paläarktische Arten und Unterarten der gattungeb Chalicodoma und Megachile (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Megachilidae). Vestník Československé Spolecnosti Zoologické 52: 48-62.

Tkalců, B. 1989. Neue Taxa asiatischer Hummeln (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 86: 39-60.

Tkalců, B. 1992. Quatre taxa paléarctiques nouveaux de la famille des Megachilidae (Hymenoptera, Apoidea. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse. 1992: 47-53.

Tkalců, B. 1993a. Quatre nouveaux sous-genres paléarctiques de la tribu des Osmiini. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Mulhouse. July-September 1993: 55-56.

Tkalců, B. 1993b. Neue taxa der Bienen von der Kanarischen Inseln. Pp. 791-858. In H. Hohmann, F. Laroche, G. Ortega & J. Barquin (eds.), Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln. Veröffentlichungen aus dem Ubersee-Museum Bremen, Naturwissenschaften 12.

Tkalců, B. 1994. Comment on the supraspecific taxon Tergosmia and redescription of Osmia agilis. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 58: 217-220.

Tkalců, B. 1995. Die Bienen der Tribus Osmiini der Mongolei. Ergebnisse der Mongolisch-Deutschen Biologischen Expeditionen seit 1962, Nr. 213. Entomologische Abhandlungen 57: 109-147.

Todd, F. E. & O. Bretherick, 1942. The composition of pollens. Journal of Economic Entomology 35: 312-317.

Todd, F. E. & S. E. Mcgregor, 1960. The use of honey bees in the production of crops. Annual Review of Entomology 5: 265-278.

Todd, F. E., S. E. McGregor & F. G. Werner, 1960. Melissodes bees in Arizona cotton fields. Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 139: 1-11.

Todres, E., J. B. Nardi & H. M. Robertson, 2000. The tetraspanin superfamily in insects. Insect Molecular Biology 9(6): 581-590.

Togrul, H. & N. Arslan, 2004. Carboxymethyl cellulose from sugar beet pulp cellulose as a hydrophilic polymer in coating of mandarin. Journal of food engineering 62(3): 271-279.

Tofilski, A. & K. Czekonska, 2004. Emergency queen rearing in honeybee colonies with brood of known age. Apidologie 35: 275-282.

Toles, G. E. 1963. New hives for leaf cutter bees. Glean. Bee Cult. 98(6): 363, 375.

Tollofsrud, P. A., E. A. Kvittingen, P. E. Granum & A. Vollo, 1998. Botulism in new born infants. [In Norwegian). Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen. 118(28): 4355-4356.

Toma, D. P., G. Bloch, D. Moore & G. E. Robinson, 2000. Changes in period expressionm in the brain and division of labor in honey bee colonies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA 97(12): 6914-6919.

Tomasko, M. & D. Caron, 1991. The African bee - not all bad news for Costa Rica. American Bee Journal 131(1): 25-28.

Tomé, M. A. M., J. A. González, S. F. Gayubo & F. Torres, 2001. Estudio comparativo sobre la eficiencia de captura de insectos mediante trampa Malaise, en un biotopo arenoso de la Submeseta Norte (España) (Arthropoda: Hexapoda). Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 96: 231-241.

Tomkins, J. L., L. W. Simmons & J. Alcock, 2001. Brood-provisioning strategies in Dawson's burrowing bee, Amegilla dawsoni (Hymenoptera: Anthophorini). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 50(1): 81-89.

Tommasi, D., A. Miro, H. A. Higo & M. L. Winston, 2004. Bee diversity and abundance in an urban setting. Canadian Entomologist 136(6): 851-869.

Tomozei, I. B. 2002. Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Hylaeus (Fabricius 1793) from Moldavia region (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Colletidae). Scientific Annals of University “Al. I.Cuza” Iaºi 48: 271-276.

Tomozei, I. B. 2002. Nest architecture and external morphological description of pupa of the sweat bee Halictus quadricinctus F. (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). Scientific Annals of University “Al. I.Cuza” Iaºi 48: 271-276 (?).

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Tomozei, I. B. 2003. Faunistical and ecological dates of the genres Bombus Latr. and Psithyrus Lep. from Ceahlãu Mountains (eastern Carpathians). Studies and comunications of the Museum of Natural Sciences “Ion Borcea” Bacau 18: 201-206. (In Romanian).

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Torchio, P. F. 1965. Observations on the biology of Colletes ciliatoides. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 38: 182-187.

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Torchio, P. F. 1971. The biology of Anthophora (Micranthophora) peritomae Cockerell. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History no. 206: 1-14.

Torchio, P. F. 1972a. Sapyga pumila Cresson, a parasite of Megachile rotundata F. (Hymenoptera, Sapygidae: Megachilidae): I. Biology and description of immature stages. Melanderia 10: 1-22.

Torchio, P. F. 1972b. Sapyga pumila Cresson, a parasite of Megachile rotundata F. (Hymenoptera, Sapygidae: Megachilidae): II. Methods for control. Melanderia 10: 23-30.

Torchio, P. F. 1973. Relative toxicity of insecticides to the honey bee, alkali bee and alfalfa leafcutting bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Halictidae, Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 46(4): 446-453.

Torchio, P. F. 1974a. Control of the wasp, Sapyga pumila Cresson. In: Proc. Annu. Northwest Legume Seed Growers Short Course 1973, 5: 60-62.

Torchio, P. F. 1974b. Biology and control of Sapyga pumila, a parasite of the alfalfa leafcutting bee. Utah State University, Logan. Agric. Exper. Station Research Report No. 16: 1-13.

Torchio, P. F. 1974c. Notes on the biology of Ancyloscelis armata Smith and comparison with other anthophorine bees. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 47: 54-63.

Torchio, P. F. 1975. The biology of Perdita nuda and description of its immature forms and those of its Sphecodes parasite (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 48: 257-279.

Torchio, P. F. 1976. Use of Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) as a pollinator in an apple and prune orchard. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49(4): 475-482.

Torchio, P. F. 1979a. Use of Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) as a pollinator of caged almond in California. Proc. IV Internationa Symposium on Pollination. Md. Agricultural Experiment Station Special Miscellaneous Publication 1: 285-293.

Torchio, P. F. 1979b. An eight-year field study involving control of Sapyga pumila Cresson (Hymenoptera: Sapygidae), a wasp parasite of the alfalfa leafcutter bee, Megachile pacifica Panzer. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 52(2): 412-419.

Torchio, P. F. 1980. Factors affecting cocoon orientation in Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 53(2): 386-400.

Torchio, P. F. 1981a. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in almond orchards. I. 1975 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54(4): 815-823.

Torchio, P. F. 1981b. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in almond orchards. II. 1976 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 54(4): 824-836.

Torchio, P. F. 1982a. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in almond orchards. III. 1977 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(1): 101-116.

Torchio, P. F. 1982b. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. I. 1975 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). [Ecological aspects, Utah]. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(1): 136-144.

Torchio, P. F. 1982c. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. II. 1976 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 55(4): 759-778.

Torchio, P. F. 1984. Field experiments with Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson as a pollinator in apple orchards. III. 1977 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(3): 517-521.

Torchio, P. F. 1984b. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. IV. 1978 studies (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(4): 689-694.

Torchio, P. F. 1984c. The nesting biology of Hylaeus bisinuatus Forster and development of its immature forms (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(2): 276-297.

Torchio, P. F. 1984d. Discovery of Osmia tanneri Sandhouse (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae) nesting in drilled wood trap nests. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 57(2): 350-352.

Torchio, P. F. 1985. Field experiments with the pollinator species, Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson, in apple orchards. V. (1979-1980), methods of introducing bees, nesting success, seed counts, fruit yields (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58(3): 448-464.

Torchio, P. F. 1986. Late embryogenesis and egg eclosion in Triepeolus and Anthophora with a prospectus of nomadine classification. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79: 588-596.

Torchio, P. F. 1987. Use of non-honey bee species as pollinators of crops. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario 118: 111-124.

Torchio, P. F. 1989a. The in-nest biologies and immature development of three Osmia species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 82(5): 599-615.

Torchio, P. F. 1989b. Biology, immature development and adaptive behavior of Stelis montana, a cleptoparasite of Osmia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 82(5): 616-632.

Torchio, P. F. 1990a. Diversification of pollination strategies for U.S. crops. Environmental Entomology 19: 1649-1656.

Torchio, P. F. 1990b. Osmia ribifloris (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae), a native bee species developed as a commercially managed pollinator of highbush blueberry. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 63(3): 427-436.

Torchio, P. F. 1991a. Use of Osmia lignaria propinqua (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae) as a mobile pollinator of orchard crops. Environmental Entomology 20(2): 590-596.

Torchio, P. F. 1991b. Bees as crop pollinators and the role of solitary species in changing environments. Acta Horticulturae 288: 49-61.

Torchio, P. F. 1992. Effects of spore dosage and temperature on pathogenic expressions of chalkbrood syndrome caused by Ascosphaera (Ascomycetes: Ascosphaerales) infections in field populations of Osmia lignaria propinqua Cresson (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Environmental Entomology 21: 1086-1091.

Torchio, P. F. & E. Asensio, 1985. The introduction of the European bee, Osmia cornuta Latr. into the US as a potential pollinator of orchard crops and a comparison of its manageability with Osmia lignaria propingua Cresson. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 58(1): 42-52.

Torchio, P. F., E. Asensio & R. W. Thorp, 1987. The introduction of the European bee, Osmia cornuta, into California almond orchards (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Environmental Entomology 16(3): 664-667.

Torchio, P. F. & J. Bosch, 1992. Biology of Tricrania stansburyi, a meloid beetle cleptoparasite of the bee Osmia lignaria propinqua (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Annals Entomological Society of America 85: 713-721.

Torchio, P. F. & D. J. Burdick, 1988. Comparative notes on the biology and development of Epeolus compactus Cresson, a cleptoparasite of Colletes kincaidii Cockerell. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 626-636.

Torchio, P. F. & B. Burwell, 1987. Notes on the biology of Cadeguala occidentlis (Hymenoptera: Colltidae), and a review of colletid pupae. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80(6): 781-789.

Torchio, P. F. & F. D. Parker, 1975. First get the seeds (Bees as pollinators of alfalfa). Utah Science [Utah Agricultural Experiment Station] 36(1): 26-30.

Torchio, P. F., J. G. Rozen Jr., G. E. Bohart & M. S. Favreau, 1967. Biology of Dufourea and of its cleptoparasite, Neopasites (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 75: 132-146.

Torchio, P. F. & W. P. Stephen, 1961. Description of the larva and pupa of Emphoropsis miserabilis (Cresson) and comparisons with other anthophorids (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 54: 683-692.

Torchio, P. F. & V. J. Tepedino, 1980. Sex ratio, body size, and seasonality in a solitary bee, Osmia lignaria Say (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Evolution 34(5): 993-1003.

Torchio, P. F. & V. J. Tepedino, 1982. Parsivoltinism in three species of Osmia bees. Psyche 89(3/4): 221-238.

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Torchio, P. F. & G.E. Trostle, 1986. Biological notes on Anthophora urbana urbana and its parasite, Xeromelecta californica (Hymenoptera Anthophoridae), including descriptions of late embryogenesis and hatching. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 79(3): 434-447.

Torchio, P. F., G. E. Trostle & D. J. Burdick, 1988. The nesting biology of Colletes kincaidii Cockerell (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) and development of its immature forms. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 605-625.

Torchio, P. F. & N. N. Youssef, 1968. The biology of Anthophora (Micranthophora) flexipes and its cleptoparasite, Zacosmia maculata, including a description of the immature stages of the parasite (Hymenoptera: Apoidea, Anthophoridae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 41: 289-302.

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