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Lett, H. W. 1887. The races of honey bee. Annual Report and Proceedings of the Belfast Natural History Club (2) 2: 451-455. [also in: Annals and Magazine of Natural History (London): (5)20: 143-146.]

Leuck, D. B. & R. O. Hammons, 1969. Occurrence of atypical flowers and some associated bees in the peanut, Arachis hypogaea. Agron. J. 61: 958-960.

Levchenko, I. A. & I. I. Shlimov, 1968. Role of a retinue of prospecting honey bees in transfer of information on suptait position of food. Vest. Zool. 2(3): 11-19.

Levermann, E. M., I. Bischoff & T. Wagner, 2000. Species-specific foraging strategies of the syntopical and synchronous bees Panurgus calcaratus (Scopoli, 1763) and Dasypoda hirtipes (Fabricius), 1793 (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Beitrage zur Entomologie 50(1): 179-191.

Levick, N. R., J. O. Schmidt, J. Harrison, G. S. Smith & K. D. Winkel, 2000. Review of bee and wasp sting injuries in Australia and the Usa. Pp. 437-447. In: A.D. Austin & M. Dowton (eds.) Hymenoptera: Evolution, Biodiversity and Biological Control. CSIRO Publications, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia.

Levin, D. A. & W. W. Anderson, 1970. Competition for pollinators between simultaneously flowering species. American Naturalists 104: 455-467.

Levin, M. D. 1957. Artificial nesting burrows for Osmia lignaria Say. Journal of Economic Entomology 50: 506 - 507.

Levin, M. D. 1967. Pollination. Pp. 77-85. In: Beekeeping in the United States. U. S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Handbook: 1-335.

Levin, M. D. 1970. The effect of pesticides on beekeeping in the United States. American Bee Journal 110(1): 8-9.

Levin, M. D. 1974. Hybridization of honey bees in South America. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 20(4): 294-296.

Levin, M. D. 1983. Value of bee pollination in US agriculture. Bulletin of Entomological Society of America 29: 50-51.

Levin, M. D. & G. E. Bohart, 1955. Selection of pollens by honey bees. American Bee Journal 95: 392-393, 402.

Levin, M. D., G. E. Bohart & W. P. Nye, 1960. Distance from the apiary as a factor in alfalfa pollination. Journal of Economic Entomology 53(1): 56-60.

Levin, M. D. & G. D. Butler Jr., 1966. Bees associated with safflower in South Central Arizona. Journal of Economic Entomology 59(3): 654-657.

Levin, M. D. & S. Glowska-Konopacka, 1963. Responses of foraging honeybees in alfalfa to increasing competition from other colonies. Journal of the Apicultural Research 2: 33-42.

Levin, M. D. & M. H. Haydak, 1956. Comparative value of different pollens in the nutrition of Osmia lignaria. Bee World 38: 221-226.

Levin, M. D. & M. H. Haydak, 1957. Comparative value of different pollens in the nutrition of Osmia lignaria. Bee World 38: 221 - 226.

Levin, M. D. & M. H. Haydak, 1970. Antibiotics and the longevity of newly emerged honey bees. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 63(1): 344-346.

Levin, M. D., C. A. Johansen, et al., 1965. Bee poisoning hazard of undiluted malathion applied to alfalfa in bloom. Washington Agricultural Experiment Station Circular No. 455: 1-10.

Levin, M. D., R. O. Kuehl & R. V. Carr, 1968. Bee visitation to flowers of cucumbers. Journal of Economic Entomology 51(6): 1487-1489.

Levin, M. D., M. A. Massengale, A. K. Dobrenz & F. E. Todd, 1968. The influence of growth regulators and plant spaciang on sugar content of the nectar and seed production in alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Journal of Arizona Academy of Science 5: 111-115.

Levin, M. D. & J. L. McDonald, 1965. An improved method for marking bees. Journal of Apicultural Research 4(2): 95-97.

Levin, M. D. & S. E. McGregor, 1970. Bee pollination of agricultural crops in the U.S.A. American Bee Journal 110(2): 48-50.

Levin, M. D. & M. W. Pedersen, 1955. A technique for collecting pure alfalfa pollen. Agron. Jour. 47: 387-388. [Abstracted In Bee World 38: 51. 1957].

Levin, M. D., M. W. Pedersen, H. L. Petersen & G. E. Bohart, 1956. A comparison of the effect of complete and partial cross-pollination of alfalfa on pod sets, seeds per pod, and pod and seed weight. Agron. Jour. 48: 177-180.

Lewis, T. & B. D. Smith, 1969. The insect faunas of pear and apple orchards and the effect of windbreaks on their distribution. Ann. Appl. Bio. 64: 11-20.

Leys, R. 2000. Mate locating strategies of the green carpenter bees Xylocopa (Lestis) aeratus and X. (L.) bombylans. Journal of Zoology 252(4): 453-462.

Leys, R., S. J. B. Cooper & M. P. Schwarz, 2002. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the large carpenter bees, genus Xylocopa (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 77(2): 249-266.

Li, J. H., C. Xi Zhang & Z. hua Tang, 2005. Expression of melittin gene in the venom gland of the Chinese honeybee, Apis cerana cerana. Apidologie 36(4): 533-542.

Liakos, B. 2002. Investigation on the relationship between population synthesis of the honeybee stocks reared in Crete and their resistance to the tracheal mite Acarapis woodi, Rennie. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society 53(1): 56-61.

Liakos, V., Z. Polyzopoulou & N. Roumpies, 2002. Population dynamics of bee colonies located in airborne contaminated regions. Deltion tes Ellenikes Kteniatrikes Etaireias [Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society] 53(3): 219-227.

Lichtenberg-Kraag, B., C. Hedtke & K. Bienefeld, 2002. Infrared spectroscopy in routine quality analysis of honey. Apidologie 33(3): 327-338.

Lichtenstein, J. 1870a. [Economy of some Osmia species]. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 4e Sèr., tome x, p. ix - xliv.

Lichtenstein, J. 1870b. [Habits of an Osmia species]. Pet. Nouv. 1 Aug. 1870, p.108.

Lichtenstein, J. 1872. [Nest and parasites of Halictus]. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 5e Sèr., tome i. Bull. P. lxxvi.

Lichtenstein, J. 1873. [Nests of Osmia and Anthidium.]. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France ( 5)iii: xvi.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1939. Uit het leven van Lithurgus atratus, een Indisch houtbijtje. De Tropische Naturae 28: 193-201.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1944. Some Malaysian bees of the family Anthophoridae. Treubia (Dobutu Gaku-Iho), hors. serie, 1944: 57-138.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1954. Bij het nest van een Javaans harsbijtje. Idea 10: 20-25.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1955. The carpenter-bees (Xylocopa Latr.) of the Lesser Sunda Islands and Tanimbar (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel 66: 5-32.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1956a. Revision of the carpenter-bees (Xylocopa Latr.) of the Moluccan Islands, with notes on other Indo-Australian species. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 99: 55-73.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1956b. Revision of some Oriental anthophorine bees of the genus Amegilla Friese. Zoologische Verhandelingen no. 30: 1-41.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1957a. The identity of some Fabrician types of bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea), IA & IB. Proceeding Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen-Amsterdam, Ser. C. 60: 442-450.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1957b. Revision of the carpenter-bees (Xylocopa Latr., subgenus Maiella Michener) of the Papuan region (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Nova Guinea (N.S.) 8: 325-376.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1958a. The identity of some Fabrician types of bees II. Proc. K. Nederlandse Akad. Wetensch., Ser. C. 61: 461-465.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1958b 1959. Revision of the Indo-Australian species of the genus Thyreus Panzer (=Crocisa Jurine) (Hym., Apoidea, Anthophoridae). Part 1. Introduction and list of species. Nova Guinea (n.s.) 9(1): 21-30.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1959. Revision of the Indo-Australian species of the genus Thyreus Panzer (=Crocisa Jurine) (Hym., Apoidea, Anthophoridae). Part 2. Thyreus nitidulus (Fabricius). Nova Guinea (n.s.) (1959) 10(1): 99-130, 2pls.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1962. Revision of the Indo-Australian species of the genus Thyreus Panzer (=Crocisa Jurine) (Hym., Apoidea, Anthophoridae) Part 3. Oriental and Australian species. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden, no. 53: 1-212, pls. 1-3.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1964. The identity of Apis aestuans Linne, 1758, and related Old World carpenter bees (Xylocopa Latr.). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 107: 137-158.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1966. Notes on some anthophorine bees, mainly from the old world. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 109(6): 125-161.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1968. A review of old world species of Thyreus Panzer (=Crocisa Jurine) (Hym., Apoidea, Anthophoridae) Part 4, palearctic species. Zoologische Verhandelingen 98: 1-139, pls. 1-4.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1969. The melectine gens Eupavlovskia Popov, 1955, with notes on its distribution and host relations. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 112(4): 101-122.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1972. Further studies on old world melectine bees, with stray notes on their distribution and host relationships. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 115(7): 253-324, 2 pls.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1974. A review of the central and east Asiatic Habropoda F. Smith, with Habrophorula, a new genus from China. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 117(5): 157-224.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1975. Bees of the genus Amegilla Friese from Korea with a new species. Termeszettud. Muz. Evk. 67: 279-292.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1977. Notes on the melectine genus Paracrocisa Alfken, with a new record of P. sinaitica Alfken. Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 37(8): 125-127.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1980. Prodrome to a monograph of the palaearctic species of the genus Melecta Latreille 1802 (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 123(6): 129-349.

Lieftinck, M. A. 1983. Notes on the nomenclature and synonymy of old world melectine and anthophorine bees. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 126(12): 269-284.

Lieke, E. E. 1993a. Olfactory information processing in insects revealed by real-time optical imaging of intrinsic signals. P. 87-94. In: U. Dirnagl (ed.), Optical imaging of brain function and metabolism. New York: Plenum Press.

Lieke, E. E. 1993b. Optical recording of neuronal activity in the insect central nervous system: Odorant coding by the antennal lobes of honeybees. Eur. J. Neurosci. 5: 49-55.

Lieke, E. E., R. D. Frostig, A. Arieli, D. Y. Tsó, R. Hildesheim & A. Grinvald, 1989. Optical imaging of cortical activity. Annu. Rev. Physiol. 51: 543-549.

Liersch, S. & P. Schmid-Hempel, 1998. Genetic variation within social insect colonies reduces parasite load. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. Biological Sciences 265(1392): 221-225.

Lieux M. H. 1976. Dominant pollen types recovered from commercial Louisiana honeys. Econ. Bot. 29(1): 87-96.

Light, W. C. 2001. Insect sting fatality 9 years after venom treatment (venom allergy, fatality). Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 107(5): 925.

Lilia, I. de Guzman, L. I. de, T. E. Rinderer, G. T. Delatte, J. A. Stelzer, J. L. Williams, L. D. Beaman, V. Kuznetsov, S. J. Bernard, M. Bigalk & H. Tubbs, 2001. Multi-state field trials of ARS Russian honey bees-3. Responses to Acarapis woodi 1999, 2000. American Bee Journal November, 2001: 810-812.

Limpaphayom, C. 1999. Pollen collection by honeybees from medicinal plants. Entomology-and-Zoology-Gazette (Thailand), Warasan Kita lae Sattawawitthaya (Jan-Mar 1999) 21(1): 23-32.

Lin, H., C. Dusset & Z. Y. Huang, 2004. Short-term changes in juvenile hormone titers in honey bee workers due to stress. Apidologie 35: 319-327.

Lin, H., G. W. Otis, M. E. Nasr & C. D. Scott-Dupree, 1992. Comparative tracheal mite resistance of Canadian and Buckfast bees. American Bee Journal 132: 810.

Lin, H. & M. L. Winston, 1998. The role of nutrition and temperature in the ovarian development of the worker honey bee (Apis mellifera). Canadian Entomologist 130(6): 883-891.

Lin, H., M. L. Winston, N. H. Haunerland & K. N. Slessor, 1999. Influence of age and population size on ovarian development, and of trophallaxis on ovarian development and vitellogenin titres of queenless worker honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Canadian Entomologist 131(5): 695-706.

Lin, N. & C. D. Michener, 1972. Evolution of sociality in insects. Quarterly Review of Biology 47: 131-159. [Also reprinted In: R. L. Ackoff (ed.), Systems and Management Annual 1974: 533-561. Petrocelli Books, New York.].

Lind, H. 1968. Nest provisioning cycle and daily routine of behavior in Dasypoda plumipes. Entomologiske Meddelelser 36: 343-372.

Lindberg, C. M., A. P. Melathopoulos & M. L. Winston, 2000. Laboratory evaluation of miticides to control Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae), a honey bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) parasite. Journal of Economic Entomology 93(2): 189-198.

Lindstrom, A. & I. Fries, 2005. Sampling of adult bees for dectection of American foulbrood (Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae) spores in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. Journal of apicultural research 44(2): 82-86.

Lingappa, S., A. Jagasish, K. Shivaramu & H. P. Prabhuswamy, 1985. Relative intrinsic toxicity of seven insecticides to foragers of the Indian hive bee, Apis cerana indica. Insect Sci. Appl. 6(5): 567-568.

Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Vol. 1, ed. 10. 824 pp. Salvii, Stockholm.

Linnaeus, C. 1761. Fauna Suecica sistens animalia Suecica regni: Mammalia, Aves, Amphibia, Pisces, Insecta, Vermes. Distributa per classes & ordines, genera & species, cum differentiis specierum, synonymis auctorum, nominibus incolarum, locis natalium, descriptionibus insectorum. [45]+578 pp. Stockholmiae.

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Linnaeus, C. 1767. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Vol. 1, ed. 12. Salvii, Stockholm.

Linnaeus, C. 1771. Mantissa plantarum. Regni Animalis Appendix. , Holmiae. 588 pp.

Linnaeus, C. 1790. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tom. I. Paris V. pp. 2225-3020. Lipsiae.

Lino-Neto, J., S. N. Bao & H. Dolder, 2000. Sperm ultrastructure of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) (L)(Hymenoptera, Apidae) with emphasis on the nucleus-flagellum transition region. Tissue & Cell 32(4): 322-327.

Linsley, E. G. 1939a. A revision of the nearctic Melectinae. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 32: 429-468.

Linsley, E. G. 1939b. Some new genera and species of epeoline and nomadine bees. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 15: 1-11.

Linsley, E. G. 1941. A revision of the genus Oreopasites. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 66: 307-318.

Linsley, E. G. 1942. Notes and descriptions of some North American parasitc bees. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 18: 127-132.

Linsley, E. G. 1943a. Revisions of the genera Townsediella, Triopasites and Paranomada. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 69: 93-106.

Linsley, E. G. 1943b. A revision of the genus Neopasites. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 69: 119-140.

Linsley, E. G. 1943c. A revision of the genus Gnathopasites. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 69: 141-149.

Linsley, E. G. 1943d. The genus Melecta in eastern North America & Porto Rico (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 65: 265-305.

Linsley, E. G. 1945. A new species of Paranomada with notes on Melecta thoracica Cresson. Entomological News 56: 150-153.

Linsley, E. G. 1958. The ecology of solitary bees. Hilgardia 27 (19): 543-599.

Linsley, E. G. 1960. Observations on some matinal bees at flowers of Cucurbita, Ipomoea, and Datura in desert areas of New Mexico and southeastern Arizona. Journal of the NewYork Entomological Society 68: 13-20.

Linsley, E. G. 1961. The role of flower specificity in the evolution of solitary bees. Int. congr. Entomol. 1: 593-596.

Linsley, E. G. 1962. Sleeping aggregations of aculeate Hymenoptera, II. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 55: 148-164.

Linsley, E. G. 1966. Pollinating insects of the Galapagos Islands. Proc. Symp. Galapagos Int. Sci. Proj., Univ. Calif. Press, Berkley. Pp. 225-232.

Linsley, E. G. 1976. Defensive behavior of male bees about plants not visited by their females (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 52(2): 177-178.

Linsley, E. G. 1978. Temporal patterns of flower visitation by solitary bees, with particular reference to the southwestern United States. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 51(4): 531-546.

Linsley, E. G. 1986. Early seasonal records for three halictine bees on Isomeris arborea in southern California (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 62(4): 310.

Linsley, E. G. 1988. Further notes on halictine bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidae) visiting Isomeris arborea in southern California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 64(3): 275-279.

Linsley, E. G. & M. A. Cazier, 1963. Further observations on bees which take pollen from plants of the genus Solanum. Pan-Pacific Entomologists 39: 1-18.

Linsley, E. G. & M. A. Cazier, 1970. Some competitive relationships among national and later afternoon foraging activities of caupolicanine bees in southeastern Arizona. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 43(3): 251-261.

Linsley, E. G. & M. A. Cazier, 1972. Diurnal and seasonal behavior patterns among adults of Protoxaea gloriosa (Hymenoptera, Oxaeidae). American Museum Novitates 2509: 1-25.

Linsley, E. G. & J. W. MacSwain, 1947. Factors influencing the effectiveness of insect pollinators of alfalfa in California. Journal of Economic Entomology 40(3): 349-357.

Linsley, E. G. & J. W. MacSwain, 1955. The habits of Nomada opacella Timberlake with notes on other species. Wasmann Journal of Biology 15: 199-235.

Linsley, E. G. & J. W. MacSwain, 1956. Further notes on the taxonomy and biology of the andrenine bees associated with Oenothera. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 32: 111-121.

Linsley, E. G. & J. W. MacSwain, 1957. The nesting habits, flower relationships and parasites of some North American species of Diadasia. Wasmann Journal of Biology 15: 199-235.

Linsley, E. G. & J. W. MacSwain, 1958. The significance of floral constancy among bees of the genus Diadasia (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae). Evolution 12: 219-223.

Linsley, E. G. & J. W. MacSwain, 1959. Ethology of some Ranunculus insects with emphasis on competition for pollen. University of California Publications in Entomology 16(1): 1-46.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & C. D. Michener, 1980. Nesting biology and associates of Melitoma (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae). University of California Publications in Entomology 90: i-viii + 1-45.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & P. H. Raven, 1963a. Comparative behavior of bees and Onagraceae. I. Oenothera bees of the Colorado Desert. University of California Publications in Entomology 33(1): 1-24.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & P. H. Raven, 1963b. Comparative behavior of bees and Onagraceae. II. Oenothera bees of the Great Basin. University of California Publications in Entomology 33(1): 25-48.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & P. H. Raven, 1964. Comparative behavior of bees and Onagraceae. III. Oenothera bees of the Mojave Desert, California. University of California Publications in Entomology 33(2): 59-98.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain, P. H. Raven & R. W. Thorp, 1973. Comparative behavior of bees and Onagraceae, IV & V Camissonia and Oenothera bees of Cismontane California and Baja California. University of California Publications in Entomology 71: 1-68, pls.1-6.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & F. S. Ray, 1962. Outlines for ecological life histories of solitary and semisocial bees. Ecology 33: 558-567.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & R. F. Smith, 1952. The bionomics of Diadasia consociata Timberlake and some biological relationships of emphorine and anthophorine bees (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae). University of California Publications in Entomology 9: 267-290, pls. 1-6.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & R. F. Smith, 1955. Biological observations on Xenoglossa fulva Smith with some generalizations on biological characters of other eucerine bees. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 54: 128-141.

Linsley, E. G., J. W. MacSwain & R. F. Smith, 1956. Biological observations on Ptilothrix sumichrasti (Cresson) and some related groups of emphorine bees. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 55: 83-101.

Linsley, E. G. & C. D. Michener, 1937. Some new genera and species of North American parasitic bees. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 13: 75-84.

Linsley, E. G. & C. D. Michener, 1939. A generic revision of the North American Nomadidae (Hymenoptera). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 65: 265-305, pls. xv-xviii.

Linsley, E. G. & C. D. Michener, 1942. Observations on the Hymenoptera of the Mount Lassen region, California. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 18: 27-29.

Linsley, E. G. & C. D. Michener, 1962. Brief notes on the habits of Protoxaea (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 35: 385-389.

Linsley, E. G. & R. L. Usinger, 1966. Insects of the Galapagos Islands. Proceedings of the California Acadamy of Sciences (4)33: 113-196.

Linsley, E. G. & T. W. Whitaker, 1971. Squash and Gourd bees (Peponapis, Xenoglossa) and the origin of the cultivated Cucurbita. Evolution 25(1): 218-234.

Linsley, E. G. & T. J. Zavortink, 1977. Attraction of female Colletes louisae bees to netted, conspecific females (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Wasmann Journal of Biology 35(1): 144-148.

Liow Lee Hsiang, N. S. Sodhi & T. Elmqvist, 2001. Bee diversity along a disturbance gradient in tropical lowland forests of south-east Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology 38(1): 180-192.

Lipa, J. L., A. Studzinski & D. Malachowska, 1977. Insects and mites associated with cultivated and weedy cruciferous plants (Cruciferae) in Poland and central Europe. Pol. Sci. Publ., Warsaw. iv + 1-354 pp.

Lipinski, Z. & K. Zoltowska, 2005. Preliminary evidence associating oxidative stress in honey bee drone brood with Varroa destructor. Journal of apicultural research 44(3): 126-128.

Lipp, J. 1990a. Detection and origin of abscisic acid and proline in honey. Apidologie 21(3): 249-260.

Lipps, B. V. 2000. Detection of nerve growth factor (NGF) in venoms from diverse source: isolation and characterization of NGF from the venom of honey bee (Apis mellifera). Journal of Natural Toxins 9(1): 13-19.

Lipps, B. V. 2002. Sub-lethal injection of honeybee venom decreased the levels of endogenously present substances in organs of mice. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 8(2): 255-268.

Lipps, B. V. & A. A. Khan, 2001. The presence of pharmacological substances myoglobin and histamine in venoms. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 7(1):45-55.

Listabarth, C. 2001. Palm pollination by bees, beetles and flies: why pollinator taxonomy does not matter. The case of Hyospathe elegans (Arecaceae, Arecoidae, Areceae, Euterpeinae). Plant Species Biology 16(2): 165-181.

Lith, J. P. van. 1956. Notes on Epeolus (Hymenoptera Aculeata, Apidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 99: 31-45.

Liu, T. P. 1990b.Ultrastructural changes in the secretion granules of hypopharyngeal gland of honey bee infected by Nosema apis and after treatment with fumagillin. Tissue Cell 22(4): 523-532.

Liu, T. P. 1990c. Ultrastructural differences of neurosecretion granules in the corpora cardiaca of the honey bee with and without infection by Nosema apis. Tissue Cell 22(4): 517-522.

Liu, T. P. 1990d. Ultrastructure analysis on the gland secretion in the extracellular ducts of the hypopharyngeal glands of the honey bee infected by Nosema apis. Tissue Cell 22(4): 533-540.

Liu, T. P. 1990e. Ultrastructure of mitochondria in the corpora allata of honey bees infected by Nosema apis before and after treatment with anti-nosema drugs. Tissue Cell 22(4): 511-516.

Liu, T. P. 1991. Australian strains of Kashmir bee virus. American Bee Journal 131(5): 334.

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