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Gabrys, B., W. Celary & G. Sobota, 2003. Apoidea (Hymenoptera) caught in yellow traps during spring and summer in agricultural landscape near Wroclaw (Lower Silesia, Poland). Fragmenta-Faunistica 46(2): 171-181.

Gadau, J., C. U. Gerloff, N. Kruger, H. Chan, P. Schmid-Hempel, A. Willie & R. E. Page Jr., 2001. A linkage analysis of sex determination in Bombus terrestris (L.) (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Heredity 87(2): 234-242.

Gadau, J., R. E. Page Jr. & J. H. Werren, 1999. Mapping of hybrid incompatibility loci in Nasonia. Genetics 153(4): 1731-1741.

Gadbin, C. 1976. Survey of traditional apiculture in southern Chad [Apis mellifica adansonii]. J. Agric. Trop. Bot. Appl. 23(4/6) [1976]: 101-115.

Gadbin, C., J. M. Cornuet & J. Fresnaye, 1979. Biometric study of the local variety of Apis melliferaL. in southern Chad Race, Apis mellifera adansonii. Approche biometrique de la variete locale d'Apis mellifica L. dans le sud tchadien. Apidologie10(2): 137-148.

Gadegkar, R. 1991a. Demographic predisposition to the evolution of eusociality: a hierarchy of models. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 88: 10993-10997.

Gadagkar, R. 1991b. On testing the role of genetic asymmetries created by haplodiploidy in the evolution of eusociality in the Hymenoptera. Journal of Genetics 70: 1-31.

Gadegkar, R. 1994. Why the defitnition of eusociality is not helpful to understand its evolution and what should we do about it. Oikos 70: 485-488.

Gadegkar, R. 1997a. Social evolution-has nature ever rewound the tape. Current Science 72: 950-956.

Gadagkar, R. 1997b. The evolution of caste polymorphism in social insects: genetic release followed by diversifying evolution. Journal of Genetics 76: 167-179.

Gaglianone, M. C. 2000. Behavior on flowers, structures associated to pollen transport and nesting biology of Perditomorpha brunerii and Cephalurgus anomalus (Hymenoptera: Colletidae, Andrenidae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 48(1): 89-99.

Gaglianone, M. C. 2001. Nesting biology and foraging behavior of Centris (Ptilotopus) scopipes Friese (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 18(suppl.1): 107-117.

Gahlawat, S. K., S. K. Narwania, R. C. Sihag & Ombir, 2002. Studies on the diversity, abundance, activity duration and foraging behaviour of insect pollinators of cucumber (cucumis sativus L.) at Hisar. Korean J. Apic. 17(2): 69-76.

Galda, L. 1991. Killer bees - Pringle, l. Reading Teacher 45(4): 310-317.

Gale, A. 1897. The influence of bees on crops. Agr. Gaz. N. S. Wales 8: 264-276, 337-339, 423-425, 490-493, 581-584, 620-623, 734-736, 831-833, 908-910.

Galen, C. & J. Cuba, 2001. Down the tube: pollinators, predators, and the evolution of flower shape in the alpine skypilot, Polemonium viscosum. Evolution 55(10): 1963-1971.

Galen, C. & P.G. Kevan, 1980. Scent and color polymorphisms and pollination ecology in Polemonium viscosum Nutt. American Midland Naturalist 104: 281-289.

Galen, C. & P. G. Kevan, 1983. Bumblebee foraging and floral scent dimorphism: Bombus kirbyellus Curtis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and Polemonium viscosum Nutt. (Polemoniaceae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: 1207-1213.

Galen, C., R. C. Plowright, 1985. Contrasting movement patterns of nectar-collecting and pollen-collecting bumblebees on fireweed inflorescences. Ecol. Entomol. 10(1): 9-17.

Galeotti, P. & M. Inglisa, 2001. Estimating predation impact on honeybees Apis mellifera L. by European bee-eaters Merops apiaster L. Revue d'Ecologie (la Terre et la Vie) 56(4): 373-388.

Galil, J. & D. Eisikowitch, 1968. On the pollination ecology of Ficus sycomorus in East Africa. Ecology 49: 259–269.

Galil, J. & D. Eisikowitch, 1969a. Further studies on the pollination ecology of Ficus sycomorus L. (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Agaonidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 112: 1-13.

Galil, J. & D. Eisikowitch, 1969b. Note on pollen transport, pollination and protection of ovaries in Ficus sycomorus. New Phytologist 68: 1243-1244.

Galil, J. & D. Eisikowitch, 1974. Further studies on the pollination ecology of Ficus sycomorus. II. Pocket filling and emptying by Ceratosolen arabicus Mayr. New Phytologist 73: 515-528.

Galil, J. and Ne'eman, G. 1977. Pollen transfer and pollination in the common fig (Ficus carica L.). New Phytologist 77: 163- 171.

Galimberti, P. 2002. Pollination of kiwifruit in New Zealand. Informatore Agrario 58(36): 47-51.

Galizia, C. G. 1996. Evolution in künstlichen Welten. Pp. 148-169. In: V. Braitenberg & I. Hosp (eds), Simulation - Computer zwischen Experiment und Theorie. Reinbek: Rowohlt.

Galizia, C. G. 1997. Wie ordnet das Gehirn Informationen aus der Umwelt? Beispiele aus der Tierwelt. Pp. 71-86. In: I. Hosp & V. Braitenberg (eds), 7. Bozner Treffen. Kosmologie und Information. Wie kommt Struktur in die Welt? 7° Incontro a Bolzano. Cosmologia e informazione. Come si spiegano le strutture dell'universo? Bolzano: Europäische Akademie Bozen, Accademia Europea Bolzano.

Galizia, C. G. 2000. Che cos'è un odore per il sistema nervoso? Idee dall'illuminismo ad oggi. Pp. 17-24. In: Hosp, I. (ed.), 10. Bozner Treffen. Naturforschung und Aufklärung. 10° Incontro a Bolzano. Illuminismo e scienza della natura. Europäische Akademie Bozen. Accademia Europea Bolzano. Academia Europeica Bulsan., Bozen.

Galizia, C. G., J. Joerges, A. Küttner, T. Faber & R. Menzel, 1997. A semi-in-vivo preparation for optical recording of the insect brain. J. Neurosci. Meth. 76: 61-69.

Galizia, C. G. & B. Kimmerle, 2004. Physiological and morphological characterization of honeybee olfactory neurons combining electrophysiology, calcium imaging and confocal microscopy. Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Sensory, Neural and Behavioral Physiology 190(1): 21-38.

Galizia, C. G., Küttner, A., Joerges, J. & R. Menzel, 2000. Odour representation in honeybee olfactory glomeruli shows slow temporal dynamics: an optical recording study using a voltage-sensitive dye. J. Insect Physiol. 46: 877-886.

Galizia, C. G., S. L. McIlwrath & R. Menzel, 1999. A digital 3D atlas of the honeybee antennal lobe based on optical sections aquired using confocal microscopy. Cell Tissue Res. 295: 383-394.

Galizia, C. G. & R. Menzel, 2000a. Odour perception in honeybees: coding information in glomerular patterns. Curr. Op. Neurobio. 10: 504-510.

Galizia, C. G. & R. Menzel, 2000b. Probing the olfactory code. Nature Neuroscience 3: 853-854.

Galizia, C. G. & R. Menzel, 2001. The role of glomeruli in the neural representation of odours: results from optical recording studies. J. Insect Physiol. 47: 115-129.

Galizia, C. G., R. Menzel & B. Hölldobler, 1999. Optical imaging of odour-evoked glomerular activity patterns in the antenal lobes of the ant Camponotus rufipes. Pp. 369. Göttingen Neurobiology Report 1999 - Proceedings of the 1st Göttingen Conference of the German Neuroscience Society 1999, Volume II 27th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference.

Galizia, C. G., K. Nägler, B. Hölldobler & R. Menzel, 1998. Odour coding is bilaterally symmetrical in the antennal lobes of honeybees (Apis mellifera). Europ. J. Neurosci. 10: 2964-2974.

Galizia, C. G., S. Sachse, A. Rappert & R. Menzel, 1999. The Glomerular code for odor representation is species specific in the honeybee Apis mellifera. Nature Neuroscience 2: 473-478.

Galli, A. & R. Aleandri, 1999. Artificial insemination in fish and bees. Pp. 139-145. In: Russo, V.; Dall'Olio, S.; Fontanesi, L. (eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium, Reggio Emilia, Italy, 8-9 October, 1999. From the first artificial insemination to the modern reproduction biotechnologies: traditional ways and new frontiers of animal production.

Gambino, P. K. Hoelmer & H. V. Daly, 1990. Nest sites of feral honey bees in California, USA. Apidologie 21(1): 35-46.

Gamboa, G. J., H. K. Reeve & W. G. Holmes, 1991. Conceptual issues and methodology in kin recognition research: A critical discussion. Ethology 88: 109-217.

Ganeshina, O. T., D. Malun & S. Schäfer, 1998. Development of mushroom bodies in the honeybee - proliferation and programmed cell death. Eur. J. Neurosci. 10: 9. (Abstract).

Ganeshina, O. T. & R. Menzel, 2001. GABA-immunoreactive neurons in the mushroom bodies of the honeybee: An electron microscopic study. J. comp. Neurol. 437: 335-349.

Ganeshina, O. T., S. Schäfer & D. Malun, 2000. Proliferation and programmed cell death of neuronal precursors in the mushroom bodies of the honeybee. Journal of Comparative Neurology 417: 349-365.

Ganeshina, O. T., M. Vorobyev & M. Giurfa, 1998. Detection of coloured targets by honeybees. Proceedings of the 26th Göttingen Neurobiology Conference I I: 8 (Abstract).

Gao, J. Y., P. Y. Ren, Z. H. Yang & Q. J. Li, 2006. The pollination ecology of Paraboea rufescens (Gesneriaceae): a buzz-pollinated tropical herb with mirror-image flowers. Annals of botany 97(3): 371-376. [Electronic Resource: http://aob.oupjournals.org].

Garcia Geniz, P. J. 1973. African bees in Argentina. Gaz. Apic. 74(793): 196-198.

Garcia Geniz, P. J. 1974a. African bees in Tucuman. Circ. Estac. Exp. Agric. Tucuman 192: June 74-75.

Garcia Geniz, P. J. 1974. Management of an Africanized apiary [Apis mellifera adansonii]. Gac. Colmenar 36(11): 358-360.

Gardner, E. J. 1947. Insect-pollination in guayule Parthenium argentatum Gray. Journal of the American Society of Agronomy 39: 224-233.

Garedew, A., I. Lamprecht, E. Schmolz & B. Schricker, 2002. The varroacidal action of propolis: a laboratory assay. Apidologie 33(1): 41-50.

Garedew, A., E. Schmolz & I. Lamprecht, 2004. The energy and nutritional demand of the parasitic life of the mite Varroa destructor. Apidologie 35: 419-430.

Garg, R. & O. P. Sharma, 1988. Studies to establish the effective dose of precipitated sulphur against Tropilaelaps clareae Delfinado and Baker (Laelaptidae: Acarina). American Bee Journal 128(2): 122-123.

Garg, R., O. P. Sharma & G. S. Dogra, 1984. Formic acid: an effective acaricide against Tropilaelaps clareae Delfinado and Baker (Laelaptidae: Acarina) and its effect on the brood and longevity of honey bees. American Bee Journal 124(10): 736-738.

Garnery, L., J. M. Cornuet & M. Solignac, 1992. Evolutionary history of the honey bee Apis mellifera inferred from mitochondrial DNA analysis. Molecular Ecology 1(3): 145-154.

Garnery, L., E. H. Mosshine, B. P. Oldroyd & J. M. Cornuet, 1995. Mitochondrial DNA variation in Moroccan and Spanish honeybee population. Molecular Ecology 4(4): 465-471.

Garnery, L., M. Solignac, G. Celebrano, J. M. Cornute, 1993. A simple test using restricted PCR-amplified mitochondrial DNA to study the genetic structure of Apis mellifera L. Experientia 49(11) : 1016-1021.

Garófalo, C. A. 1973. Occurrence of diploid drones in a neotropical bumblebee. Experimentia 29(6): 726-727.

Garófalo, C. A. 1977. Brood viability in normal colonies of Apis mellifera. Journal of Apicultural Research 16(1): 3-13.

Garófalo, C. A. 1978a. Bionomics of Bombus (Fervidobombus) morio. 2. Body size and length of life of workers. Journal of Apicultural Research 17(3): 130-136.

Garófalo, C. A. 1978b. On the bionomics of Bombus (Fervidobombus) morio (Swederus). I. cell construction and oviposition behavior of the queen (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 38(1): 227-236.

Garófalo, C. A. 1980. Bionomic aspects of Bombus (Fervidobombus) morio (Swederus). III. Size of workers and colony development (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 40(2): 345-348.

Garófalo, C. A., E. Camillo, M. J. O. Campos & J. C. Serano, 1992. Nest re-use and communal nesting in Microthurge corumbae (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae), with special reference to nest defense. Insectes Sociaux 39: 301-311.

Garófalo, C. A., E. Camillo, M. J. O. Campos, R. Zucchi & J. C. Serano, 1981. Binomial aspects of Lithurgus corumbae (Hymenoptera, Megachilidae), including evolutionary considerations on the nesting behaviour of the genus. Revista Brasileira de Genetica 4: 165-182.

Garófalo, C. A., E. Camillo & J. C. Serano, 1996. Fundações de ninhos por Eulaema nigrita. In C.A. Garófalo et al., (eds.), Anais do II Entontro sobre abelhas. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, Ribeirãao Preto, Brazil. Pp. 331.

Garofalo, C. A. & W. E. Kerr, 1975. Sex determination in bees. I. Balance between femaleness and maleness genes in Bombus atratus Franklin (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Genetica 45(2): 203-209.

Garófalo, C. A., and J. G. Rozen Jr., 2001. Parasitic behavior of Exaerete smaragdina with descriptions of its mature oocyte and larval instars (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini). American Museum Novitates 3349: 1-26.

Garrido, C., P. Rosenkranz, M. Stürmer, R. Rübsam & J. Büning, 2000. Toluidine blue staining as a rapid measure for initiation of oocyte growth and fertility in Varroa jacobsoni Oud. Apidologie 31(5): 559-566.

Gartside, D. 1980. Similar allozyme polymorphism in honey bees. Experientia 36: 649-650.

Gary, N. E. 1967. A method for evaluating honey bee flight activity at the hive entrance. Journal of Economic Entomology 60(1): 102-105.

Gary, N. E. 1970. Pheromones of the honey bee, Apis mellifera L. In: 3rd Seminar on Control of Insect Behaviour by Natural Products [1968]: 29-54.

Gary, N. E. 1971a. Possible approaches to controlling the African bee. American Bee Journal 111(11): 426-429.

Gary, N. E. 1971b. Magnetic retrieval of ferrous labels in a capture-recapture system for honey bees and other insects. Journal of Economic Entomology 64(4): 961-965.

Gary, N. E. 1971c. A new tagging and recapture method for evaluating honeybee pollination activity. California Agriculture 25(6): 4-6.

Gary, N. E. 1971d. Observations on flight-experienced queen honeybees following extra-apiary release. Journal of Apicultural Research 10(1): 309.

Gary, N. E. 1973. The potential threat of the "Brazilian" bee to U.S. beekeeping. Apiacta 8(3): 113-114.

Gary, N. E. 1975. Activities and behavior of honey bees. Pp. 185-264. In: Dadant & Sons (eds.), The Hive and the Honey Bee. Hamilton, IL.

Gary, N. E. 1978. Beekeeping as a hobby or economic sideline. Yearbook United States Department of Agriculture, Pp. 244-255.

Gary, N. E. 1982. A vacuum apparatus for removing queen bees from colonies. Apiacta 17(3/4): 113-114.

Gary, N. E. 1984. The environmental impact of underpriced honey imported into the U.S. American Bee Journal 124(2): 120-123.

Gary, N. E. 1991. Varroa mites, tracheal mites, and Africanized bees - the challenges ahead. American Bee Journal 131(1): 34-39.

Gary, N. E. 1992. Africanized “killer” bees in California. Proceedings of the 44th California Weed Conference Jan 20-22, Sacramento, California. Pp. 128-130.

Gary, N. E., H. V. Daly, S. Locke & M. Race, 1985. The Africanized honey bee: ahead of schedule. California Agriculture [Calififornia Agricultural Experiment Station] 39(11/12): 4-7.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1976. How to construct and maintain an observation bee hive. Leaflet Division of Agricultural Science, University of California Cooperative Extension Services, Berkeley N0. 2853: 1-18 pages.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1980. How to construct and maintain an observation bee hive (revised). Leaflet Division of Agricultural Science, University of California Cooperative Extension Services, Berkeley N0. 2853: 1-18 pages.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1984a. Improved trap to recover dead and abnormal honey bees (Hymenoptera:Apidae) from hives. Environmental Entomology 13(3): 718-723.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1984b. A method for collecting the honey sac contents from honeybees. Journal of Apicultural Research 15(2): 73-79.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1987. Vacuum device for collecting and despensing honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and other insects into small cages. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 80(5): 664-666.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1988. Substage illumination device for restraining flight of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and positively phototactic insects. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(4): 700-703.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1989. Effect of methamidophos on honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae): during alfalfa pollination. Journal of Economic Entomology 82(4): 1067-1072.

Gary, N. E. & K. Lorenzen, 1990. Vacuum devices for capturing and partitioning commingled subpopulations of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83(6): 1152-1154.

Gary, N. E. & Martson, J. 1971. Mating behaviour of drone honey bees with queen models (Apis mellifera L.). Animal Behaviour 19(2): 299-304.

Gary, N. E. & J. M. Marston, 1976. A vacuum apparatus for collecting honeybees and other insects in trees. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 69(2): 287-289.

Gary, N. E., R. F. L. Mau & W. C. Mitchell, 1972. A preliminary study of honey bee foraging range in macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia, Maiden and Betche). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 21(2): 205-212.

Gary, N. E. & E. C. Mussen, 1984. Impact of Mediterranean fruit fly malathion bait spray on honey bees. Environmental Entomology 13(3): 711-717.

Gary, N. [E.] & R. [E.] Page, 1987. Phenotypic variation in susceptibility of honey bees, Apis mellifera, to infestation by tracheal mites, Acarapis woodi. Experimental and Applied Acarology 3: 291-305.

Gary, N. E. & R. E. Page Jr., 1988.Factors that affect the infestation of worker honey bees by tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). Pp. 506-511. In: Needham, G.R. (ed.), Africanized honey bees and bee mites. E. Horwood, Chichester, West Sussex, England.

Gary, N. & R. Page, 1990. Genotypic variation in susceptibility of honey bees (Apis mellifera) to infestation by tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). Experimental and Applied Acarology 8: 275-283.

Gary, N., R. Page & K. Lorenzen, 1989. Effect of age of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera) on tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi) infestation. Experimental and Applied Acarology 7:153-160.

Gary, N. E., R. E. Page, R. A. Morse, C. E. Henderson, M. E. Nasr & K. Lorenzen, 1990. Comparative resistance of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) from Great Britain and United States to infestation by tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). American Bee Journal 130(10): 667-669.

Gary, N. E. & W. Stanger, 1979. An observation beehive. South African Bee Journal 51(3): 19-21.

Gary, N. E. & B. B. Westerdahl, 1981. Longevity of microwave-treated (2,45 GHz continuous wave) honeybees in observation hives. Environmental Entomology 10(6): 991-994.

Gary, N. E. & B. B. Westerdahl, 1982. Food foraging of honeybees in a microwave field (2.45 GHz CW). Environmental Entomology 11(1): 95-99.

Gary, N. E. & P. C. Witherell, 1971. A method for training honey bees to forage at feeding stations. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 64(2): 448-449.

Gary, N. E. & P. C. Witherell, 1977. Distribution of foraging bees of three honey bee stocks located near onion and safflower fields. Environmental Entomology 6(6): 785-788.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen, 1978a. A comparison of the foraging activities of common Italian and "Hy Queen" honeybees. Environmental Entomology 7(2): 228-232.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen, 1978b. The distribution and foraging activities of common Italian and "Hy Queen" honey bees during alfalfa pollination. Environmental Entomology 7(2): 233-240.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen, 1979. Distribution of honeybees during water collection. Journal of Apicultural Research 18(1): 26-29.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen, 1980. Distribution of foraging honeybees to multiple, small floral plots of various species. Environmental Entomology 9(1): 43-46.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen, 1981. Effect of age on Honeybee foraging distance and pollen collection. Environmental Entomology 10(6): 950-952.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell, K. Lorenzen & J. M. Marston, 1977a. The Interfield distribution of honey bees foraging on carrots, onion and safflower. Environmental Entomology 6(5): 637-640.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell, K. Lorenzen & J. M. Marston, 1977b. Area fidelity and intra-field distribution of honey bee during the pollination of onion. Environmental Entomology 6(2): 303-310.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & F. Marston, 1972. Foraging range and distribution of honey bees used for carrot and onion pollination. Entomops 1(1): 71-78.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & J. M. Marston, 1973. Distribution of foraging bees used to pollinate alfalfa. Environmental Entomology 2(4): 573-578.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & J. M. Marston, 1975. The distribution of foraging honey bees from colonies used for honeydew melon pollination. Environmental Entomology 4(2): 277-281.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherell & J. M. Marston, 1978. Distribution and foraging activities of honeybees during almond pollination. Journal of Apicultural Research 17(4): 188-194.

Gary, N. E., P. C. Witherall & J. M. Maiston, 1973. Distribution of foraging bees used to pollinate alfalfa. Environmental Entomology 2: 573-578.

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Gaston, K. J., M. J. Scoble & Crook, A. 1995. Patterns in species description: a case study using Geometridae (Lepidoptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 55: 225-237.

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